The automotive industry uses international standards to ensure quality, safety and reliability in vehicle parts and assemblies. These standards are reviewed and updated periodically to align with global manufacturing quality standards, such as those maintained by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO).
In 2015, ISO released a new overarching quality standard ISO 9001:2015 to expand the prior emphasis on accurate documentation to include more leadership involvement and risk assessment in the quality process. A new automotive standard IATF 16949:2016 has been released by the International Automotive Task Force to support the objectives of ISO 9001:2015 and replace the previously used automotive standard ISO/TS 16949:2009.
The IATF comprises automotive industry organizations from Italy, United States, United Kingdom, Germany and France. The IATF published IATF 16949:2016 in October 2016 and plans to issue rules for achieving IATF recognition in November 2016.
The ISO 9001:2015 standard focuses quality efforts on achieving value. Key changes in ISO 9001:2015 include:
IATF 16949:2016 is being implemented in conjunction with ISO 9001:2015. The new automotive industry standard emphasizes continuous improvement, defect prevention and reduction in variation and waste.
IATF 16949:2016 defines quality management system requirements for automotive production, service and/or accessory parts organizations, including:
Requirements for safety-related parts and products with embedded software
Includes enhanced product traceability requirements
Management of product safety issues during product realization
Development of contingency plans
Definition of corporate responsibility policies
According to the Automotive Industry Action Group (AIAG), the new standard for the first time requires certified organizations to implement basic corporate responsibility policies such as an anti-bribery policy, an employee code of conduct, and an ethics escalation (whistle-blower) policy.
Consideration of the needs of all interested parties
According to IATF, the new standard has a strong customer orientation based on feedback from certification bodies, auditors, suppliers and original equipment manufacturers (OEMs).
Ensuring customer specific requirements are incorporated into QMS
IATF 16949:2016 incorporates common automotive customer-specific requirements and automotive sector-specific requirements.
Additional requirements related to supplier selection and monitoring
Includes understanding risks in the supply chain process (e.g. single source supply) and clarification of sub-tier supplier management and development requirements
Understanding risks before approving rework
Strengthening requirements for maintenance
Incorporates the concepts of Total Productive Maintenance (TPM), a maintenance philosophy designed to maximize participation of the workforce to keep equipment in top working order.
Promoting the use of internal audit best practice tools
Such as the German automotive process based audit standard VDA6.3 and the supplier self assessment and continuous improvement tool Global Materials Management Operational Guidelines/Logistical Evaluation (MMOG/LE)
More emphasis on effective error proofing
Includes verification of error proofing devices
New requirements related to warranty management
Includes the use of automotive industry guidance and addressing “No Trouble Found” (NTF) situations where a consumer concern cannot be replicated or a part passes dimensional and normal functional evaluation tests despite being returned under warranty.
To achieve industry quality recognition, organizations must be certified and audited regularly. After October 1, 2017, automotive organizations will only be audited and certified to the new IATF 16949:2016 standard.
The transition from ISO/TS 16949:2009 to IATF 16949:2016 can be done at a recertification audit or an annual surveillance audit; however the transition audit will be a full systems audit equivalent to recertification. If the transition to the new standard is not completed, the decertification process will begin or an organization will be required to start the process over with an initial certification audit.
Once completed, IATF 16949:2016 certification is good for up to three years.
For more information about auditing and certification requirements, please reference the transition strategy guide published and updated by IATF
More than ever, quality management systems and software are required to ensure full compliance with international quality standards. To ensure ongoing quality certification by ISO and IATF, automotive industry companies and suppliers need a complete understanding of ISO 9001:2015 and IATF 16949:2016 and robust information technology tools to help integrate and automate these quality standards in the product development process. CEBOS’ IATF software suite provides the solution that ensures your organization has the most efficient solution enabling compliance, automation and data integration.
Organizations interested in more details about IATF certification can get additional documentation and training through:
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